Last week in a press conference organized by the WWF and the International Rhino Foundation the Javan rhinoceros was declared extinct in Vietnam.
The news was released and a prospectus on the presence of the animal in the Asian country was showed. The results indicate that the Javan rhinoceros, now present only in a park in Indonesia with a population of 50 individuals, became extinct in Vietnam after the death of the last male in 2010. According to the WWF the probable cause of death is poaching, because the rhino was found with a bullet in the leg and its horn had been removed.
“It is painful that despite significant investment in Vietnamese rhino conservation, efforts failed to save this unique animal, ” said WWF’s Vietnam director Tran Thi Minh Hien.
“Vietnam has lost part of its natural heritage.”
About Javan rhino
The Javan Rhino is found only in Indonesia’s Ujung Kulon National Park in west Java.
Javan rhinos appear to be more adaptable feeders than other rhino species: in the tropical rain forest where the species now survives, it is a pure browser, but it possibly was a mixed feeder (both browse and grass) in other parts of its historic range where the species is generally believed to have occupied more lowland areas, especially along watercourses.
Longevity is unknown, but Javan rhinos probably live to 30-40 years.
Gestation is unknown but is presumed to be approximately 15-16 months, as in other rhinos. Inter-birth intervals are unknown, but mothers probably give birth to one calf every 1-3 years.
Females reach sexual maturity between 5 and 7 years of age; males mature at approximately 10 years of age.